Universal Design for Learning

Universal Design for Learning (UDL) is a set of principles for curriculum development that applies to the general education curriculum to promote learning environments that meet the needs of all learners. The UDL Guideliines are based on research from many sources and several different fields. The research is reviewed, compiled and organized at CAST. Read more about the research behind UDL HERE.

The Three Principles of Universal Design for Learning

  1. Multiple Means of Representation
  2. Multiple Means of Action & Expression
  3. Multiple Means of Engagement




AMO Subgroups

Students in grades 3-8 take End of Grade (EOG) exams as part of the READY Accountability system. Students in grades 9-12 general take End of Course (EOC) exams. The READY Accountability Report presents data on (1) school growth, (2) current year school performance, and (3) school performance on progress targets which includes the federally-required Annual Measurable Objectives (AMOs). The Annual Measurable Objectives (AMOs) are progress targets for student subgroups. Note that the first ten subgroups are required as part of the ESEA Flexibility Waiver. Beginning in 2012-13, North Carolina is also reporting Academically Intellectually Gifted as a state-identified subgroup. Read more about AMOs and the READY Accountability Report HERE.

North Carolina AMO Subgroups
  • All Students
  • American Indian
  • Asian
  • Black
  • Hispanic
  • Multi-Racial
  • White
  • Economically Disadvantaged
  • Limited English Proficiency
  • Students with Disabilities
  • Academically & Intellectually Gifted

Office of Early Learning (PK-3)
The needs of young children are unique, and the PK-3rd grade years set the foundation for a life time of learning. Early childhood is not identified as an AMO Subgroup, in part because End of Grade (EOG) exams begin in 3rd grade. The newly formed Office of Early Learning, is working to create developmentally appropriate assessments for young children.




Resources for Special Populations